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Interim decisions may be issued before the hearing starts, during the hearing or after the hearing is completed but before a final decision is issued. Interim decisions:

  1. may decide questions about how the hearing will proceed (for example, a request to remove a party or a request for an interim remedy), or

  2. may decide part of the application (for example, whether some of the allegations are untimely).

final decision decides the dispute between the parties. A final decision can be made:

  1. after a preliminary hearing, on issues like whether the application was filed in time or the issues were dealt with in another proceeding

  2. after hearing the evidence and submissions of the parties.

If the application is not successful it will be dismissed in the decision. If the adjudicator finds that discrimination or harassment has occurred, the application is allowed and, in the decision, the adjudicator may order remedies for the applicant. Examples of remedies are:

  1. monetary compensation (money)

  2. a non-monetary award (human rights training for the respondent’s employees, building an accessible entrance)

  3. an order to promote future compliance with the Code, (develop human rights policies, training)

Timing of decision

If your hearing lasted 3 days or less, you should receive your final decision within 3 months. If your hearing lasted longer than 3 days, you should receive your final decision within 6 months. These timelines start after the last hearing date or the date when written submissions were due. All of the HRTO’s decisions are published on the Canadian Legal Information Institute website. Anyone can read them at no cost.